Quick Style Sheet for Critical Stages/Scènes critiques: for English-language text

All English-language authors for Critical Stages/Scènes critiques should prepare their work in accordance with the international guidelines below. Thank you.


Find the MLA (8th Edition) Guide online here. Alternatively, see here.


Abbreviations: U.K., U.S., N.Y., EU, NATO, UNESCO. Avoid: e.g., i.e. etc.

Bibliographic references: both in-text references and a full reference in the Works Cited section are required.

Capitalization: see guidelines here. Capitalize a foreign language title according to the practice of its language. (Quick reminder: hyphenated titles are capitalized in both parts, as in Vice-President.)

Citations: see guidelines here.

Colons: Use lowercase letters following colons, unless the word is normally capitalized, or the sentence is complete. Note: the MLA style has a space after the colon but not before.

Commas: In lists of items, do not use a comma before “and” where the sense is clear without it. For standard comma usage, refer to this page.

Dates: 1990s, not 1990’s, thirties or Thirties. Use B.C., not BC. Spell out centuries: “the fourteenth century”; hyphenate the adjective: “fourteenth-century castles.”

Ellipses: For ellipses other than those identifying an omission in a sentence, do not use spaces between the periods: instead do this: …

For ellipses identifying an omission in a sentence (or longer quote), see here.

Endnotes: Use endnotes, not footnotes. Where possible, include the information in the text itself instead. Check that numbers and text match.

Endnote Numbering: Insert after commas, periods or quotation marks; before semi-colons or colons. Number them as follows: [1], [2], [x].

Foreign languages: Italicize foreign words that are not in common usage.

Hyphens: Use em dashes—solid dashes—as seen here. Use hyphens for hyphenating words such as single-spaced. Do not insert a space before or after an em-dash: like this—, not this — .

See sensible notes on hyphens here or here.

Indenting: Do not indent the first line of a new paragraph.

Italics: Use italics—not underlining—for titles and emphasis.

Names: Give full names of people mentioned in the articles; do not use initials. Very common names will not need a first name (Sophocles, Shakespeare, Molière).

Pagination: Do not paginate your article.

Parentheses: Parentheses have spaces before and after, like this (with a space); not(without a space).

Play and Book Titles: In italics, not all-capitals or underlined.


  1. For quotations longer than three lines, create a space above and below the quotation, and indent.
  2. Punctuation: Periods and commas come before closing quotation marks, as in ,” and .”
  3. Colons, semicolons, question marks and exclamation points follow closing quotation marks (unless a question mark or exclamation point are part of the quoted material). Examples: I heard her say, “I’m not listening!” Did you hear her say, “I’m not listening”?
  4. Quotation Marks: Double for quoted material in the body of the text. Single for quotation inside passages already in double quotes. Double for defining or highlighting.

Section headings (Intertitles): consider using these for easier reading on the Internet.


  1. Line spacing: Single-space the entire article.
  2. Paragraph spacing: Add one line space between paragraphs. (This means the whole article is single-spaced with one additional line space between paragraphs.)
  3. Sentence spacing: Use only one space after sentence-end periods and after all punctuation.

Spelling: “theatre,” not “theater.”

Time: Express as follows: six months, 8.00 a.m., eight o’clock, half-past eight, a five-minute break.

Word program: Please send your work in Microsoft Word (or an easily convertible file) to ensure that your formatting will be retained.

Writing: If you previously delivered your text to a live audience, please remove remarks or references to that occasion from the text before submitting.

Originally drafted by Lissa Tyler Renaud, modified April 7/04/2019.

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